Wood stains come in various tints that can protect the wood and make its grain pop. If you choose to go lighter with your stain, you will want to know how to make dark stained wood lighter. If this is true for you, look no further.
In this post, I’ll share the three most effective ways to stain dark wood lighter or lighten wood stain.
- How to Make Dark Stained Wood Lighter by Bleaching
- How to Make Dark Wood Lighter With Steel Wool
- How To Lighten Dark Wood Stain By Diluting It Before Applying
But first, let’s start with a quick snippet answer for those who are in a hurry.
How to Lighten Stained Wood
To make dark wood lighter, wipe away any dust on the wood. Spread a thin coat of 2-part wood bleach solution across the wood surface and let it sit for 30 mins. After that, use a white vinegar solution to neutralize the wood bleach before wiping it clean with a wet cloth.
How to Lighten Wood Stain by Bleaching
Bleaching wood will require using chemicals that can produce potentially harmful fumes, so ensure you work in a well-ventilated area. Here is how to make your black stain wood light.
Tools and materials to make dark wood lighter
- Chemical wood finish stripper
- Paint Scraper
- Natural bristled paintbrush
- Hand gloves
- Safety goggles (3M Safety Glasses)
- Wood bleach
- Plastic bucket
- Hot water faucet
- 180-grit sandpaper
Step 1: Set up your workstation
Assemble all the items you will need and wear your safety gear, including hand gloves and goggles. Then cover the floor or ground with a drop cloth.
This will help collect any spills and the old finish that you will scrape off your workpiece.
Step 2: Apply the chemical stripper to the dark wood to remove the topcoat
Your wood furniture is likely to have a varnish or polyurethane finish on top of the stain layer. You want to remove this layer before bleaching the dark wood stain for the best results.
To do this, dip a natural bristled paintbrush into the chemical stripper and apply it onto the wood you are lightening. Ensure you create an even coat of the stripper on the surface, covering every inch where you intend to lighten.
Leave the chemical wood stripper on the surface for 20 minutes to set.
Step 3: Use a plastic scraper to remove the topcoat
Hold a plastic scraper at a 45-degree angle to the wood surface and run it gently along the wood grain to lift off the finish. We recommend using a plastic spatula and not a metallic one since the latter could scratch the wood surface.
Continue along the grain until all the old finish has come off. Then, pour some water on the wood to see if it has any lighter or darker spots.
The idea is to get the wood evenly colored as confirmation that you have removed all the topcoats.
Step 4: Prepare your wood bleach solution by mixing it
Mix your wood bleach with water in a plastic bucket as directed on the packaging. The packaging should have a label with instructions on mixing the wood bleach; follow them to the letter.
Alternatively, you could use oxalic acid for this purpose if you only want a mild treatment. Otherwise, ensure you have your gloves and safety goggle on when mixing the bleach.
Unlike oxalic acid, designated wood bleach is a powerful solution that will remove much of the color and lighten dark wood’s natural color.
In any case, you should be able to get any of these products in your local home improvement or hardware store.
Step 5: Apply the wood bleach onto the wood surface
Cover the entire surface of the wood with a thin coat of bleach using a natural bristled paintbrush. Once you cover every area you want to lighten, let it sit for approximately 30 minutes.
You can also use a mop to spread the bleach across the work surface to bleach a wooden floor.
Step 6: Use a white vinegar solution to neutralize the bleach
Once the 30 minutes have elapsed or after achieving the desired color, create a mixture of white vinegar and water in a bucket or large bowl in equal parts.
After mixing well, dunk a clean cloth in the mixture, wring out the excess liquid, and use it to wipe the wood surface. The vinegar solution will stop the bleach from reacting with the wood any further.
Step 7: Clean the surface thoroughly with a clean, damp rag
Next, use another rag dampened with warm water to wipe the wood clean. Ensure you wipe every inch of the surface to remove all traces of bleach and vinegar. Then let it dry overnight.
If you are not happy with the wood color after drying, you can repeat the bleaching process once or twice more. Just don’t exceed three bleach treatments as this may dull the wood or cause it to grey.
Step 8: Sand your wood
The wood will be a bit coarse after this treatment. Sanding will help restore its smoothness and level the grain of the wood.
In this case, 180-grit sandpaper should get the job done. Here too, work along the grain to get the best results and sand until the surface is smooth to the touch.
Step 9: Refinish the wood surface
Now that you already stripped out the old protective finish, you will need to apply another one to restore the surface protection of your wood furniture.
We recommend a polyurethane finish for this purpose. Use a natural bristled brush to apply a thin coat of polyurethane finish to your wood.
Consider doing a quick once-over on the finished surface with the paintbrush in long strokes to even out the surface.
Caveat: Do not shake the polyurethane container, as this could form air bubbles that might ruin your wood finish when you apply it.
How to Make Dark Stained Wood Lighter With Steel Wool
A more straightforward way of staining dark wood lighter is to use a ball of fine steel wool. These have the 000 grading for fine options or 0000 for super fine. You may use either grade.
Supplies to stain dark wood lighter
- Fine steel wool
- Mineral spirits
- Warm water faucet
- Safety goggles
- Protective hand gloves
- Rags for applying stain
Steps to lighten dark stained wood cabinets, furniture, and beams
Start by wearing your safety goggles and protective hand gloves. Once that is done, follow these steps to make dark stained wood lighter with steel wool.
Step 1: Rub the wood with the steel wool
Soak a ball of fine steel wool in warm water, wring out the excess, then lightly rub it against the wood. Be sure to keep the pressure even while rubbing along the wood grain to lighten the stain.
Step 2: Wipe the wood with a clean rag dampened in mineral spirits to lift the stain
Soak a clean cloth with some mineral spirits and rub the wood with it along the grain. This should help lift the wood stain.
Observe how the color changes while you wipe. The area should slowly become lighter than the rest of the surface.
You may have to wipe for several minutes to cover the entire stained surface. Also, you can use more rags if one gets too dirty.
Step 3: Switch back to rubbing with steel wool and keep alternating between the two
Put aside the mineral spirits for a bit and continue rubbing with the steel wool. After that, switch back to the mineral spirits and a rag.
Keep alternating between these two methods until you have achieved a lighter color that you are happy with. Notice that the steel wool and mineral spirits may lighten the stain color slowly, so you may work for several minutes before getting the color you want.
Once you have managed to lighten the stain, wipe the wood using a clean cloth to remove all traces of the mineral spirits. This method works best for getting a lighter color on oil-based stains than water-based stains.
How To Lighten Dark Wood Stain By Diluting It Before Applying
To avoid working backward, you can dilute a dark wood stain to lighten the color before applying it to the wood surface. This proactive approach can save you a lot of elbow grease.
List of supplies to lighten wood stain
- Natural wood stain
- A standard stain of your choice
- Natural bristled brush
- A clean rag or two
- A pair of hand gloves
- Protective face mask
Step 1: Assemble the items you will need
Put together your standard and natural stains with the same base as the one you want to lighten.
Natural wood stains are clear-colored, so you can use them as thinners when mixed with other tinted options to create a lighter product.
Ensure that the two products are both either water-based or oil-based. They have to have the same base to be compatible.
Step 2: Mix your standard stain and natural wood stain in equal parts
You can use a sealable metal container, or empty paint can mix these two.
Pour the same amounts of each stain into the empty container and mix them well. We recommend using a paint stirrer to ensure the two are thoroughly mixed.
Step 3: Test out your new wood stain on a scrap piece of wood
You want to know if the color is what you were hoping for, so apply some of the new stain you have created on a piece of wood. Ensure the scrap piece has the same color or type as the piece of furniture where you want to use the lighter stain.
Dip your staining brush in the mixture and rub it into the scrap piece. Then wipe out the excess the same way you would wipe the actual piece of furniture, and let it stay overnight.
This should give you a sneak peek of how your furniture will look with this stain on.
Step 4: Add More Natural Stain to the Mixture if you Want a Lighter Color.
If you are not satisfied with the stain color yet, you can add more natural stain and stir thoroughly. Then test the stain on the scrap wood to see if you have got the color you want.
You may repeat this process until you achieve your desired stain color.
How to Lighten Wood Stain
To lighten the dark wood stain, mix equal amounts of the stain you intend to lighten and natural wood stain. To determine the hue of the stain, test it on a scrap piece of wood. Add more natural stain if you want the color to be lighter.
If you still want to make it lighter, add 1⁄2 cup (120ml) of natural stain at a time and stir thoroughly with your stir stick until the mixture is uniform.
Read Also: Restaining a Deck the Same Color
How to change wood color from dark to light
To change a dark wood color to a lighter color, you can use a method called “whitewashing”. Whitewashing is a technique that allows you to brighten your dark wooden furniture without hiding the wood grain pattern.
Here’s a step-by-step process to do it:
Materials you will need:
- Sandpaper (100 and 220 grit)
- A dust mask
- A soft cloth
- Whitewashing paint (You can either buy pre-mixed whitewashing paint or mix white latex paint with water)
- Sealant (optional)
- Safety first: Before starting, wear a dust mask to prevent inhalation of wood dust. Protect your surroundings by laying down a drop cloth or old newspapers where you’ll be working.
- Clean the Surface: Clean the surface of the wood to remove any dirt or grime.
- Sand the Wood: Start sanding the wood with the 100 grit sandpaper to remove the dark finish. Make sure you sand along the grain of the wood and not against it. This will open up the wood’s pores for the new color.
- Clean again: After sanding, clean the wood again to remove all dust particles. You can use a soft cloth for this. Make sure the surface is completely clean.
- Prepare the Whitewash: If you’re using pre-mixed whitewashing paint, you can skip this step. If you’re using white latex paint, mix it with water. A 1:1 ratio is usually a good starting point but you can adjust depending on how opaque or translucent you want the final look to be.
- Apply the Whitewash: Apply the whitewash paint to the wood using a paintbrush. Make sure to follow the grain of the wood. Allow it to penetrate into the wood for a few minutes.
- Wipe off the Excess: After a few minutes, use a rag to wipe off the excess paint. This will leave the wood with a beautiful white finish but still allow the wood grain to show through.
- Let it Dry: Allow the wood to dry completely. This may take a few hours or overnight depending on the type of paint you used and the environmental conditions.
- Sand Again: Once the first coat is completely dry, lightly sand the surface with 220 grit sandpaper. This will make the surface smoother.
- Repeat the Process: If you want a lighter finish, you can repeat the whitewashing process until you’re satisfied with the color.
- Seal the Wood: Once you have achieved the desired color, you can seal the wood with a clear sealant. This will protect the wood and the new whitewash finish. Let the sealant dry as per the manufacturer’s instructions. (Here’s what to use to seal latex paint if it is your option).
Remember that whitewashing is meant to be somewhat imperfect. It’s a technique that gives your wood a rustic, weathered look while still allowing the wood grain and some of the original color to show through. Each piece of wood will react differently to the whitewash, so the final look can be unpredictable but beautifully unique.
How to lighten dark furniture without paint
Lightening dark furniture without paint can be achieved through sanding and bleaching.
First, remove the existing finish with sandpaper. Then, apply a wood bleach according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Be sure to neutralize the bleach and rinse the furniture thoroughly afterwards.
Once it’s dry, seal it with a clear sealant. Always take safety precautions when using these materials.
Interesting read: Do you need to seal wood after staining?
My stain is too dark how can I lighten it?
If your wood stain is too dark, you can attempt to lighten it using the following steps:
- Sand the Surface: Using a fine-grit sandpaper (around 220 grit), gently sand the stained surface. This will help to remove some of the stain. Remember to sand along the grain of the wood, not against it.
- Wipe Clean: Use a clean, damp cloth to wipe away the dust.
- Apply a Wood Bleach: Wood bleach can be used to lighten the stain. There are different types of wood bleach, but a two-part bleach kit containing sodium hydroxide and hydrogen peroxide would work. Always follow the manufacturer’s instructions when applying wood bleach, and wear safety gear (gloves and goggles).
- Neutralize and Rinse: After bleaching, you must neutralize the bleach. This is typically done using a vinegar and water solution. Then, rinse the wood thoroughly with water.
- Dry and Evaluate: Allow the wood to dry and then assess the color. You may need to repeat the process if it’s too dark.
- Seal the Wood: Once you’re satisfied with the color, finish by applying a clear wood sealer to protect the wood.
How to lighten wood stain without sanding
To lighten wood stain without sanding, consider using steel wool soaked in lemon juice or vinegar. Scrub the stained wood along the grain to lighten the stain. Rinse the wood thoroughly and let it dry. Note that this method may not work on all stains, and results can vary. Always do a test patch first.
Some Important Tips for DIY Enthusiasts
Now that you’ve known how to stain wood a lighter color, here are few tips to keep in mind:
- Start by buying your standard stain and checking if it is oil-based or water-based. Then, proceed to look for a natural stain with the same base before buying.
- Use mineral spirits to dilute oil-based stains if you cannot find the natural wood stain.
- Use water to dilute water-based stains if you cannot find a natural wood stain.
Read More: What to Do When Stain is Too Red
Will mineral spirits lighten wood stain
Yes, mineral spirits will lighten a dark stained wood without removing the stain entirely. For example, you can soak a clean cloth in mineral spirits or turpentine and rub it on a dark stained wood firmly along the grain to make the wood lighter.
How do you remove dark stains from wood cabinets?
To remove dark stains from wood cabinets or furniture or your log cabin, wipe the stains with a rag soaked in a two-step wood bleach solution or liquid laundry bleach. You can also use mixed with water, which is more potent than laundry bleach for this purpose.
Related Read: Best Exterior Stain for Log Cabin or Home
How to lighten dark stained wood floors
To lighten dark stained wood floors, use a mop to apply and spread wood bleach on the floor where you want to lighten. Then use a white vinegar solution to neutralize the bleach, and clean the surface thoroughly with a clean damp rag.
How to lighten oak cabinets
To lighten oak cabinets, sand the surface to remove the old finish, then clean it thoroughly. Apply a whitewashing paint, letting it penetrate for a few minutes before wiping off excess. Repeat this process until desired lightness is achieved. Lastly, seal the wood with a clear sealant.
Can you stain wood lighter?
Yes, you stain dark wood to be lighter. But because lightning covers the wood’s grain and natural color, it’s unsuitable for fine woods. You will not lighten the color of a dark stain if you apply a light color of stain over it. Before lightening wood, strip down the existing stain on the dark wood using a petroleum-based solvent to completely alter the color and make it lighter before you can add a lighter colored stain.
How to lighten dark walnut stain
To lighten a dark walnut stain, try using a mixture of equal parts turpentine and mineral spirits. Apply the mixture to the stained wood using a cloth, working in the direction of the grain. This will gradually lighten the stain. Always do a test patch before treating the entire piece.
Can you lighten stained wood?
Yes, you can lighten dark wood for an interesting light-dark contrast. For fine stained woods, lighting is not advised. This is because the stain covers up the wood’s natural hue and grain; however, it might be useful as a last resort.
Related: Does stain lighten as it dries?
Can you make dark wood lighter?
Yes, you can make dark wood lighter using various techniques like sanding, bleaching, or whitewashing. These methods involve removing the dark finish or applying a light-colored finish. The exact outcome will depend on the type of wood and the specific method used. Always test a small area first to ensure you’re satisfied with the results.
How to change dark wood stain to light
To change dark wood stain to light, first sand the wood with medium-grit sandpaper to remove the dark stain. Then, clean the surface to remove dust. Apply a lighter stain and wipe off excess until you achieve the desired shade. Seal the wood with a clear finish to protect the new stain.
How to make wood lighter color
To make wood lighter, start by sanding the surface to remove any finish or varnish. Then clean it thoroughly. Apply a wood bleach following the manufacturer’s instructions to lighten the wood. Rinse, let it dry, and finish with a clear sealant. Always perform a patch test first.
How to Make Dark Stained Wood Lighter Summary
Learning how to lighten wood stain isn’t rocket science.
Always start the task of making your dark-stained wood lighter by stripping down the existing wood finish and dark stain using a petroleum-based solvent, then let the surface dry before sanding and refinishing it.
See the best wood for dark stain here.
What to Do Next?
Even if you took precautions like using gloves, you might still find that some stains got on you while you are lightening your wood. So, check out our guide on How To Get Wood Stain Off Skin